wheat is a crop of a cool environment. Rice and wheat are the major cereal crop of India. Under the botanical classification, wheat crop belongs to the genus Triticum
Climate for wheat crop
The wheat has wide adaptability it can be grown not only in tropical and subtropical but also in temperate zones and the cold tracts of for north.
The temperature required for wheat during the growing season is around 15-degree Celcius the weather should be warm and maist during the early stage of growth and sunny and dry in the later stage.
The average temperature of the hottest month should not exceed 20 degrees Celcius.
season for wheat crop
wheat in India is best grown as a rabi or winter season crop since the conditions during the time are conducive for growth and ensure maximum yield.
soil for wheat crop
Wheat needs soil with a moderate amount of water holding capacity. Being very sensitive to waterlogging, heavy soils with poor drainage capacity is not preferred for wheat cultivation. wheat is grown in a variety of soil in India.
well-drained loam and clay loams are good crops for wheat however good crops of wheat are raised in sandy loams and black soils also.soil should neutral in reaction. Heavy soil with good drainage is suitable for wheat cultivation under dry condition
Before sowing the seed are treated with 5gram Trichoderma spores or 5kg carbendazim for every 1kg seed. There should of 15-20CM maintained between the seed in ease of late sowing the seed must be soaked overnight in water. Should sowing must be done and it should be covered with a thin layer of yard manure.
For sowing of wheat, first of all, we should plow the field 2-3 times in the field should be free from soil, stones, sand, and gravel. Residual crop debris can be burned in the field itself. After this, the land should be uprooted again during the rainy season to prevent the growth of wild plants and weeds.
The land should be plowed at least 3 times during the summer before farming Soil should be tested before putting any fertilizer in the field
• Powdery mildew can easily be diagnosed by the white, powdery patches that form on the upper surface of leaves and stem.
• Greyish white powdery growth appears on the leaf, sheath, stem and floral parts.
• Powdery growth later become black lesion and cause drying of leaves and other parts
• Favorable conditions
• The disease infects plants during periods of high humidity (not necessarily rain) and cool to moderate temperatures (20-21°C).
Triadimefon 25% WP @ 200 g in 300 l of water/acre